In the 1993 New York City Police Department (NYPD) “Precinct Community Council Handbook,” then-Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly and Deputy Commissioner Wilhelmina Holliday detail the NYPD’s efforts, through the Precinct Community Council program, to facilitate mutual cooperation and trust between police officers and community members. These councils, which have local roots in the NYPD structure as early as 1914, were initially intended to bridge the divide that had developed between city agencies and communities amidst the “rapidly changing society, technical advancements, and expanding American culture” which, according to the authors, defined the early twentieth-century. At the same time, these outreach efforts contributed to the developing notion of “community policing” that would become an integral part of the Broken Windows theory of policing as adopted by Commissioner Kelly’s successor William Bratton.
“Precinct Community Council Handbook”
The 1993 “Precinct Community Council Handbook” discusses the development and evolution of the New York City Police Department’s Precinct Community Council program as a form of “community policing.”